Passer Montanus

Appearance: Sparrows are small birds that are 12-14 cm in size, have brownish brown color, have strong beaks to eat seeds.

Behavior: Sparrows commonly nest in canopy gaps, roofs, electrical panel boxes, h-beam posts, trees, and roof gaps. Sparrows eat seeds.

Sign of Infestation: They leave white droppings under their perches and they also make nests out of dry straw and find fallen hair.

Diseases/Contamination:In general, birds can carry 60 types of bacteria including salmonella, transmitting diseases such as histoplasmosis, meningitis and encephalitis. They also carry fleas. Their droppings give a dirty impression to buildings and are corrosive to metal objects.

Prevention: The form of the building makes it difficult for birds to perch, install nets, install repellents such as sharp wires, electric wires, and actively clean bird nests.

Reproduction: Sparrows can lay 5 to 6 eggs. The eggs are incubated by males and females together and hatch in under 2 weeks. The chicks will be cared from 15 to 20 days by their mother before they can fly and find food on their own.