Appearance: dark brown to black, with 2 pairs of wings. Workers have a cream color, whereas soldiers have no wings, have large mandibles (claws), a cream-colored abdomen and generally darker heads.Behavior: Coptotermes sp. build their nests underground, the wood they damage usually has accumulated soil or mud. They make tunnels in the structure of buildings to find food, tunnels can be made far from the nest. In the rainy season, moths will come out to form new colonies.
Sign of Infestation: Termite tunnels were found from the ground, damage to the inside of wood or furniture, there were alts that came out of the nest.
Diseases/Contamination: Coptotermes sp. consume cellulose that is found in furniture, paper files or documents, foundations / wood floors, ceilings and wallpapers. They eat without stopping unless disturbed, causing significant structural damage. Damage due to termites can cause material losses of up to billions of rupiah.
Prevention: pre-construction and post-construction treatment, coating wood with termite-proof materials, or not using wood at all.
Reproduction: generally, have 1 primary queen per colony which can produce thousands of eggs throughout its life. Male termites are responsible for fertilizing the queen, while female termites are workers and soldiers. If the colony gets bigger, termites will make new nests (satellites) that are still connected to the main nest or completely separate. During rainy season, they will come out of the nest and approach the light to find a mate, then they make a new nest.